Colitis is an inflammatory condition of the colon that causes persistent, watery stools or diarrhea. There are several different types of classification of colitis including collagenous and lymphocytic colitis as well as ischemic and ulcerative colitis.
In cases of collagenous or lymphocytic colitis, Dr. Murrell may suggest lifestyle changes or medications to treat the inflammation. In rare, severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Symptoms of collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis include:
- Chronic, loose and watery diarrhea
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Weight loss
- Fecal incontinence
Inflammation from ischemic colitis develops when blood flow is reduced to the large intestine. This condition may lead to permanent colon damage. Common symptoms of this condition can include pain on the left of the abdomen, urgent bowel movement and bloody diarrhea. Most cases of this condition are mild, but can become more severe so early diagnosis with Dr. Murrell is key to recovery.
Ulcerative colitis is a more serious condition and is classified as an inflammatory bowel disease where chronic, long-lasting inflammation develops in the digestive tract. This debilitating condition can have life-threatening complications.
This condition affects the inner lining of the large intestine and rectum as well as along continuous stretches of the colon. Beverly Hills proctologist Dr. Murrell can recommend treatments and therapies that can reduce the severity of the symptoms, since there is no cure for this type of colitis.
Here are some signs of ulcerative colitis:
Ulcerative proctitis – this results in inflammation in the area close to the anus and rectal bleeding
- Proctosigmoiditis – this disease is defined by the inability to have a bowel movement or bloody diarrhea as well as abdominal cramping and pain.
- Left-sided colitis – this condition affects the left side of the abdomen including the sigmoid and descending colon. Symptoms of the condition range from bloody diarrhea and abdomen cramping to weight loss.
- Pancolitis – this condition affects much, if not all, of the colon and may result in bloody diarrhea, severe stomach and abdominal cramps, as well as weight loss and exhaustion.
- Fulminant colitis – this is a rare but possibly life threatening condition that affects the colon and causes serious diarrhea episodes, severe pain and dehydration. Complications from this condition include colon rupture and at times, toxic megacolon, which causes the colon to expand rapidly.